Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau sent a mandate letter to the Minister of Justice and Attorney General David Lametti asking for the Canadian Criminal Code to be amended “to ban the practice of conversion therapy and take other steps required with the provinces and territories to end conversion therapy in Canada.” This follows Vancouver and other regions of Canada that had already banned the practice of conversion therapy.
Meanwhile also in December, Germany became the newest nation to ban gay and transgender conversion therapy after the Government Cabinet approved the measure. This will ban the practice federally in Germany for all children under 18 as well as “vulnerable people with diminished decision-making capabilities” and non-consenting adults. The new law doesn’t go as far as Canada’s, as it will still allow consenting adults to opt into existing conversion therapy practices.
Both Germany and Canada are on track to federally ban conversion therapy and any practices associated with the attempted forced conversion of queer people to “become” straight. Here’s what’s being done in these two countries, and any other countries with similar bans against conversion therapy.
Brazil became the first country in the world to ban conversion therapy in 1999. Ecuador also banned the practice in 1999 by federally banning discrimination against LGBT people. Other countries including China, Taiwan, and South Africa have banned the practice, while areas of Australia, the United States, and Spain have jurisdictions that have banned conversion therapy. Argentina, Fiji, and Samoa have also banned it but are unclear about their specific stances. Ireland and Lebanon have committed to ban the practice.